Gender Earning Gap and Higher Educational Attainment: Trends in Canada


  • Rozalina Omar University of Toronto


Gender Earning Gap, Higher Educational Attainment, Anti-discrimination Legislation, Labor Market in Canada


The paper focuses on the relationship between the ongoing gender-earning gap and the increasing rate of higher educational attainment by women in Canada. The increasing rate of educational attainment allows women to enter several male-dominated professions, but in many cases women are not getting the expected returns compared to their male counterparts. Data shows that despite decades of anti-discrimination legislation and equal rights provisions in most peer countries, there is still a significant income gap between men and women in Canada which puts the increasing number of participation of women in tertiary education into a question. In this respect, the paper also includes some basic literature review to find out the reasons behind the gender pay gap. Overall, this paper concludes the necessity of narrowing gender-earning gap in order to achieve fair distribution of wealth.




How to Cite

Omar, R. (2016). Gender Earning Gap and Higher Educational Attainment: Trends in Canada. AIUB Journal of Business and Economics, 13(1), 87–100. Retrieved from