About the Journal

ISSN (PRINT) 1683-8742 and

ISSN (ONLINE)2706-7076

Aims and Scope

The aim of AJBE is to provide a platform for the exchange of scholarly ideas, research findings, and practical insights related to various aspects of business management, economics, finance, marketing, entrepreneurship, and other relevant fields. The scope of a business journal typically includes, but is not limited to, the following:

Original Research: AJBE's aim is to publish original research articles that contribute to the advancement of knowledge in the field of business. This may include empirical research, theoretical models, conceptual frameworks, case studies, and other forms of research that provide new insights, methodologies, or findings related to business management and related fields.

Interdisciplinary Perspectives: The AJBE often encourages interdisciplinary research that integrates concepts, theories, and methodologies from various fields such as economics, finance, marketing, organizational behavior, and others. This promotes a holistic understanding of business phenomena and encourages cross-disciplinary collaborations.

Practical Relevance: The AJBE regularly emphasizes the practical relevance of research findings, as they seek to provide insights that can be applied to real-world business problems by practitioners and policymakers. This may include research on business strategy, leadership, innovation, marketing strategies, financial management, and other areas that have practical implications for businesses.

International Focus: The AJBE frequently has an international focus because it seeks to publish research with worldwide relevance and applicability. This may include studies that explore business practices, trends, and challenges in different regions, countries, or cultures and highlight the implications of globalization for businesses and economies.

Emerging Topics: Frequently, the AJBE seeks to publish research on emerging topics and trends pertinent to the evolving business environment. This may include research on topics such as sustainability, digital transformation, social responsibility, diversity and inclusion, and other emerging issues that impact the practice of business management.

Review Articles: The AJBE may also include review articles that provide comprehensive summaries of the existing literature on specific topics related to business and management. These review articles may critically analyze the existing research, identify research gaps, and suggest future directions for research.

Practitioner-oriented Content: There may also be practitioner-oriented material in the AJBE, such as opinion pieces, commentaries, and viewpoints written by experienced practitioners, policymakers, and industry experts. This can help bridge the gap between academia and practice and foster knowledge exchange between researchers and practitioners.

AJBE gives authors quick blind review and decision times, a way to publish their study continuously, and a global audience. To ensure quality, all articles go through expert proofreading and typesetting.  Those who should consider submitting their work to AJBE include the following:

  • Authors who want their articles to receive high-quality evaluations and efficient production, assuring the quickest publishing time, can submit to AJBE.
  • Authors who want their writings to be distributed for free, board, and globally on a robust, well-known publishing platform.
  • Writers who wish or are required to make their articles freely available online due to regulations imposed by their institutions of higher education or the government.

In summary, the aims and scope of AJBE encompass original research, interdisciplinary perspectives, practical relevance, international focus, emerging topics, review articles, and practitioner-oriented content. By publishing high-quality research on these areas, AJBE aim to contribute to the advancement of knowledge in the field of business management and related disciplines and promote evidence-based decision-making in business practice and policy.

About the Peer Review Process

Peer-reviewed process

Regarding the peer review procedure

One cannot overestimate the value of peer review to the caliber of published research. Your submitted article will be evaluated by at least two impartial reviewers. When determining whether to publish your article or not, the editor will take the feedback from the peer reviewers into consideration.

How important is peer review?

Peer review is described as "the appraisal of publications submitted to journals by academics who are not on the editorial staff." Peer review, according to 91% of authors, improves the caliber of their papers. Peer review protects the integrity of science by disqualifying studies that are flawed or substandard.

How does it work?

Before the editor of the AJBE may make a decision on whether or not to publish a submitted manuscript, it must be evaluated by at least two qualified reviewers.

  1. The journal's editor will ask subject-matter specialists to review your submission and provide feedback on the manuscript.
  2. Reviewers remark on a range of issues, including whether the research is well-conducted. If the research results are inadvertent or incomplete or preliminary, reviewers can help the author/s focus, find errors, and generate new conception.
  3. The feedback from the reviewers Indicates if the article was accepted or rejected by the editor.

Peer reviews are conducted most frequently in either a single-blind or double-blind format.

  1. In single-blind review, the author is not aware of the identities of the reviewers, but the reviewers are aware of the author's identity.
  2. In a double-blind study, neither the author nor the reviewers know who the other is.

Although the reviewer will be able to provide an honest and impartial evaluation of the research using either method, the AJBE generally favors the double-blind review approach.

Blind Review Process of AJBE

Blind review is a common practice in academic journals where the identities of the authors and reviewers are kept confidential to ensure an impartial and unbiased review process. Here is a guideline for blind review in AJBE:

  1. Manuscript Submission: Authors should submit their manuscripts without any identifying information in the main text, file properties, or file names. This includes removing any references to their own previously published work that may reveal their identity. Additionally, authors should choose a title that does not disclose their identity.
  2. Anonymizing the Manuscript: Authors should take care to remove any identifying information from the main text, including in-text citations, figure captions, and references. They should use generic terms like "Author(s)" or "Researcher(s)" instead of using their own names or affiliations. Care should also be taken to anonymize the supplementary materials, if applicable.
  3. Cover Letter: Authors should include a separate cover letter with their submission that provides all relevant information, including the title of the manuscript, the names and affiliations of all authors, and any conflicts of interest. This cover letter should be uploaded as a separate file and not included in the main manuscript file to maintain anonymity during the review process.
  4. Reviewer Selection: The editors of AJBE should select reviewers who are experts in the field and have no conflicts of interest with the authors or their research. Reviewers should also be instructed to maintain confidentiality and not disclose any information about the manuscript or the review process.
  5. Reviewer Guidelines: Reviewers should be provided with guidelines that emphasize the importance of maintaining confidentiality and not attempting to reveal the authors' identities. Reviewers should focus solely on the quality and merits of the manuscript and provide constructive feedback for improvement.
  6. Editorial Process: During the editorial process, editors should ensure that the reviewers' comments do not contain any information that may reveal the authors' identities. Editors should also make sure that the revised manuscript, if submitted by the authors, does not contain any identifying information.
  7. Decision and Feedback: After the review process is complete, the decision on acceptance, revision, or rejection should be communicated to the authors without revealing the identities of the reviewers. Feedback should be provided in a constructive and impartial manner, focusing on the quality of the manuscript and not on the authors' identities.
  8. Final Publication: Once the manuscript is accepted, the authors can be asked to provide their names, affiliations, and acknowledgments for inclusion in the published article. This information should not be provided to the reviewers or editors during the blind review process.

By following these blind review guidelines, AJBE can ensure a fair and unbiased review process that focuses solely on the quality of the manuscript and promotes academic integrity.

What qualities do editors and reviewers seek?

During the peer review process, editors and reviewers seek to identify:

Clarity: The quality of writing that is characterized by clarity and concision is highly valued by editors and reviewers. The search is for content that is comprehensible, well-structured, and devoid of any vagueness or specialized terminology.

Originality: The quality of originality is highly esteemed by editors and reviewers in terms of content. Individuals aspire to engage in employment that introduces novel concepts, understandings, or viewpoints, and augments the preexisting corpus of information or written works.

Accuracy: In academic writing, it is expected that the content presented is supported by reliable sources or evidence and is factually accurate. This is a requirement that editors and reviewers look for in order to ensure the credibility and validity of the work. The individuals seek employment that involves comprehensive research and meticulous fact verification to establish its credibility and dependability.

Quality of Writing: The caliber of writing is highly valued by editors and reviewers, who hold in high regard content that exhibits proficient language abilities, encompassing appropriate grammar, punctuation, and style. The individuals seek employment opportunities that are intellectually stimulating, skillfully executed, and refined.

Relevance: The assessment of content relevance to the intended audience and publication is a crucial task carried out by editors and reviewers. Individuals endeavor to secure employment that is congruent with the goals and parameters of the periodical or the aims of the evaluation procedure.

Rigor: Academic rigor is highly appreciated by editors and reviewers, who prioritize work that exhibits a meticulous and thorough approach to research or analysis. The search is directed towards content that is underpinned by rigorous methodology, reliable data, and logical reasoning.

Significance: The assessment of the significance or importance of the work is carried out by editors and reviewers. The evaluators seek out material that pertains to pertinent inquiries, provides a noteworthy contribution to the discipline, or possesses the capability to influence the intended readership.

Objectivity: Academic writing requires objectivity, which entails ensuring that the content is devoid of any biases or conflicts of interest that could potentially undermine its integrity. This expectation is shared by editors and reviewers alike. The audience seeks objectivity and equity in the exposition of concepts or discoveries.

Coherence: The quality of logical coherence and well-structured composition is highly valued by editors and reviewers. Academic evaluators seek out content that exhibits a coherent and structured presentation of concepts or viewpoints, characterized by a rational progression of data.

Compliance: In order to ensure compliance with submission guidelines and requirements, editors and reviewers may impose specific expectations on authors. The search is conducted for work that conforms to established guidelines, which encompass aspects such as formatting, citation methodology, and word limit.

Ethical Considerations: In academic circles, ethical considerations are highly regarded by editors and reviewers. These considerations include the appropriate attribution of sources, the avoidance of plagiarism, and the careful consideration of any potential conflicts of interest.

Timeliness: In academic publishing, there is a tendency for editors and reviewers to give preference to manuscripts that tackle current or timely issues, particularly in fields or domains that are rapidly evolving or undergoing significant changes.

Open-mindedness: The quality of open-mindedness is valued by editors and reviewers, as it demonstrates a willingness to consider diverse perspectives, regardless of personal agreement. The evaluators seek out material that showcases a proclivity towards intellectual inquisitiveness and an openness to examining a variety of perspectives.

Constructive feedback is an essential aspect of the editorial and review process, and it is highly valued by editors and reviewers. Authors who demonstrate openness to feedback and a willingness to incorporate suggested revisions into their work are particularly appreciated.

In general, editors and reviewers endeavor to procure material that is lucid, inventive, precise, eloquent, pertinent, meticulous, noteworthy, impartial, cohesive, adherent to regulations and ethical principles, punctual, impartial, and amenable to constructive criticism. Conforming to these attributes may enhance the likelihood of achieving success in the publication or review procedure.

Plagiarism policy

Presenting someone else's work or ideas as one's own without giving due credit to them is a kind of plagiarism. AJBE has a stringent anti-plagiarism policy in place because we are an organization or magazine dedicated to safeguarding academic integrity and keeping high ethical standards. AJBE’s policy on plagiarism is outlined in the following rules:

1.The following actions are considered plagiarism, but they are not necessarily all plagiarism:

  1. Copying and pasting text from a source without properly citing it, whether it be from a website, a print newspaper, or another piece of writing
  2. using someone else's words in a new sentence or paragraph without properly citing them
  3. using information, concepts, data, images, or other intellectual property without giving due credit
  4. providing content that has already been submitted for a project or publication without mentioning it.
  5. working together with others and submitting the combined work as one's own without giving proper credit
  6. Plagiarism is a serious offense that can have serious repercussions, including but not limited to:
  7. rejecting the work that was submitted
  8. cancellation of authorship or co-authorship that necessitates resubmitting the work with accurate credit.
  9. termination of publishing or review engagement, dismissal from the institution, or suspension
  10. taking legal action when copyright is violated

3.Avoiding Plagiarism: It is the responsibility of authors, researchers, students, and contributors to make sure that their work is unique and correctly cited. The following procedures should be followed to prevent plagiarism:

  1. for all sources, including direct quotations, paraphrases, and summaries, use appropriate reference and referencing.
  2. use quotation marks, citations, and references to distinguish your own work from that of others.
  3. the original authors or producers of any ideas, concepts, data, images, or other works of intellectual property that you use in your work should be given due acknowledgment.
  4. follow the reference and citation rules specified by the relevant citation style, such as APA.
  5. Check your work for any plagiarism before submission using plagiarism detection technologies, if they are accessible.

4.Promoting Academic Integrity: Organizations and publications should raise public awareness of plagiarism and instruct their readers on the value of maintaining academic integrity. Workshops, training events, and the distribution of materials on appropriate citation and reference techniques can accomplish this. Additionally, professors, editors, and reviewers should be watchful in identifying potential instances of plagiarism, discussing them, and taking appropriate action in accordance with the publication's or institution's policy.

Declaration of Originality: Authors, researchers, students, and contributors may be asked to sign a statement of originality certifying that their work is authentic, correctly cited, and free of plagiarism.

The values of intellectual honesty, originality, and academic integrity are all seriously threatened by plagiarism, which is a serious infraction. We work to safeguard the integrity of our institution or publication and uphold a high degree of academic quality by adhering to our plagiarism policy and encouraging ethical writing methods.

Prior Plagiarism to Publication of AJBE

The assessment of all cases of plagiarism by AJBE will be based on their respective boundaries. In the event that plagiarism is identified by any member of the editorial board, reviewer, or editor at any stage of the article process, whether it be prior to or subsequent to approval, including during the editing or page proofing phase, the article shall be declined. The authors will be informed and requested to either revise the text or provide proper citations for the sources from which it was derived. In the event that the proportion of plagiarized content exceeds 25 percent, the article in question may be declined and the author duly notified. Prior to commencing the review procedure, all works submitted for publication undergo a screening process to detect any instances of plagiarism.

What are the measures taken to address plagiarism?

The procedure for addressing papers containing instances of plagiarism is contingent upon the degree of the transgression.

In the event that a paper is found to contain 5% plagiarism, a distinct identifier is assigned to the paper and it is subsequently returned to the author for the purpose of modifying its content.

In cases where the level of plagiarism detected in a manuscript ranges from 5% to 30%, the manuscript will not be assigned an identification number and will be returned to the author for necessary modifications.

In the absence of proper assessment, any work containing 30% plagiarism will be deemed unacceptable. The recommendation is for the authors to revise and resubmit their work.

If you find plagiarized work in a journal, what steps may you take?

In the event that an occurrence of plagiarism is identified in a journal that has been published by any publisher, it is advised that the editorial offices of all pertinent journals be informed. This notification should include details such as the names of the journals, paper titles, author names, volume number, and issue number. Please provide the year of publication and any relevant details. The editorial offices will handle the situations in accordance with their established policies.

What transpires if plagiarism is found post publication?

In the event that plagiarism is detected subsequent to publication, AJBE will conduct an investigation. In the event that plagiarism is detected, the editorial board of the journal will notify the author's affiliated institution and funding entities. Every individual page of a PDF file that includes plagiarized material will be identified and marked. The manuscript's withdrawal may be contingent upon the extent of the plagiarism detected.

Originality

Upon submission of an author's work to the journal, it is understood that the work is original and has not been previously published or under consideration elsewhere. The journal strictly prohibits the act of plagiarism, which encompasses the replication of the author's own work, either wholly or partially, without appropriate citation. The manuscripts that are submitted have the potential to undergo a screening process for originality by means of anti-plagiarism software.

Plagiarism involves the presentation of another individual's concepts, language, and artistic expressions as one's own. Engaging in plagiarism constitutes a breach of regulations pertaining to intellectual property rights. There are various forms of plagiarism that exist.

  • The act of reproducing an exact copy of a given source's text. Incorporating intentional segments of a scholarly article penned by an alternate author.
  • Plagiarism is defined as the act of replicating elements of another author's work, including but not limited to figures, tables, equations, or graphics that are not widely known, as well as reproducing or deliberately employing phrases without proper attribution.
  • The act of using text obtained from the internet and copying or downloading images, photos, or schematics without proper authorization constitutes an illegal form of source citation.

Citation of Sources

The issue of self-plagiarism is also a matter of concern. Self-plagiarism is characterized as the act of utilizing significant portions of one's own copyrighted material without acknowledging the primary source, as per this definition. It is important to note that self-plagiarism is not applicable to publications that are derived from the author's own copyrighted work, such as those that appear in conference proceedings, provided that the previous publication is explicitly cited. The act of reusing material of this nature does not necessitate the use of quotation marks for differentiation purposes; however, proper referencing of the source is imperative.

Accidental or Unintentional

It is possible to commit plagiarism inadvertently. The responsibility lies with the author(s) to comprehend the differentiation between direct quotation and paraphrasing, and to adhere to the appropriate citation guidelines.

Balant

The individuals responsible for this piece of writing are cognizant of the fact that they are engaging in plagiarism. Plagiarism refers to the deliberate utilization of another individual's concepts or creations without proper acknowledgment. This pertains to the act of presenting borrowed or procured research articles as one's own.

Self

Submitting an identical or substantially similar term paper for two distinct courses. Plagiarism is committed when one fails to obtain the approval of a teacher.

Publication Ethics

In order to maintain the credibility of our publications, the Editorial Board is committed to influencing factors such as ethical publishing procedures and informing individuals involved in the editorial process. Moreover, publishers and editors take reasonable measures to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred; in no case shall a journal or its editors encourage such misconduct, or knowingly allow such misconduct to take place; if a publisher or editor of a journal becomes aware of any allegation of research misconduct, they shall deal with the allegation appropriately.

Editor Roles and Responsibilities

  1. Manuscript Evaluation: The editor is responsible for overseeing the manuscript evaluation process, which includes reviewing submitted manuscripts, assigning peer reviewers, and making decisions on manuscript acceptance, revision, or rejection based on the feedback received.
  2. Peer Review Management: The editor manages the peer review process, ensuring that it is conducted in a fair, unbiased, and timely manner. This includes monitoring the progress of peer reviews, addressing conflicts of interest, and making decisions based on the reviewers' comments and recommendations.
  3. Editorial Decision Making: The editor makes final decisions on whether to accept, reject, or request revisions for submitted manuscripts, taking into consideration the quality, originality, and relevance of the research as well as compliance with the journal's guidelines and policies.
  4. Journal Policy Implementation: The editor ensures that the journal's policies and guidelines are followed by authors, reviewers, and other stakeholders. This includes ensuring compliance with ethical guidelines, publication ethics, authorship criteria, and other relevant policies.
  5. Manuscript Editing: The editor may provide guidance and feedback to authors on improving the clarity, coherence, and quality of their manuscripts. This may include suggestions for revisions, corrections of grammar and language, and ensuring that the manuscript adheres to the journal's formatting and style guidelines.
  6. Content Development: The editor works towards developing the journal's content and enhancing its quality and impact. This may include soliciting and commissioning articles, reviews, and other types of content and coordinating special issues or themed collections.
  7. Editorial Board Management: The editor may oversee the selection and management of the journal's editorial board, including appointing or recruiting board members, providing guidance and support, and coordinating their roles and responsibilities.
  8. Journal Promotion: The editor plays a role in promoting the journal and increasing its visibility, readership, and impact. This may involve developing and implementing marketing strategies, engaging with authors and readers through social media, attending conferences, and representing the journal in relevant forums.
  9. Conflict Resolution: The editor may handle conflicts or disputes that may arise during the manuscript evaluation or publication process, such as disputes between authors and reviewers or issues related to authorship, plagiarism, or other ethical concerns.
  10. Stay Updated: The editor keeps up-to-date with the latest developments in the field, scholarly publishing trends, and best practices in editorial management to ensure the journal's quality and reputation.

It's important to note that the roles and responsibilities of an editor may vary depending on the size, scope, and policies of the journal and may be further defined by the editorial board and publisher of the specific journal.

Author and Corresponding Author Responsibilities:

Author Responsibilities:

Research Integrity: Authors are responsible for conducting their research in an ethical manner, adhering to relevant ethical guidelines, and ensuring the accuracy and integrity of their findings.

Originality and Plagiarism: Authors should ensure that their work is original and properly cited and should not engage in plagiarism or self-plagiarism. All sources, including previous works by the authors themselves, should be appropriately acknowledged and cited.

Manuscript Preparation: Authors should carefully prepare their manuscripts according to the journal's guidelines, including proper formatting, citation style, and language. The manuscript should be written in a clear, concise, and coherent manner.

Authorship and Contributorship: Authors should ensure that all individuals who have made a significant contribution to the research are listed as authors and that all authors have reviewed and approved the final version of the manuscript. Any changes to the authorship should be communicated to the journal promptly.

Conflict of Interest: Authors should disclose any potential conflicts of interest that may affect the objectivity, integrity, or interpretation of the research findings. This may include financial, personal, or professional conflicts of interest.

Compliance with Policies: Authors should comply with the journal's policies, including those related to data sharing, human or animal subjects, and any other relevant policies. Any required permissions or approvals should be obtained prior to manuscript submission.

Corresponding Author Responsibilities:

Communication with the Journal: The corresponding author is responsible for communicating with the journal on behalf of all the authors. This includes submitting the manuscript, responding to editorial queries or requests, and coordinating revisions and resubmissions.

Manuscript Revision and Review: The corresponding author should coordinate the revision process with co-authors, incorporating feedback from reviewers and editors, and ensuring that all revisions are made accurately and in a timely manner.

Proofreading and Corrections: The corresponding author should carefully review the proofs of the accepted manuscript before publication, checking for accuracy and ensuring that all corrections are made correctly.

Payment of Fees: If applicable, the corresponding author is responsible for coordinating the payment of any publication fees or charges associated with the manuscript publication process.

Authorship Confirmation: The corresponding author should ensure that all listed authors have reviewed and approved the final version of the manuscript and that they agree to the submission and publication of the manuscript in the journal.

Correspondence and Updates: The corresponding author should promptly respond to any correspondence from the journal, including queries, requests for revisions, or updates on the manuscript status.

It's important for authors and corresponding authors to familiarize themselves with the specific guidelines and policies of AJBE or any other journal they are submitting their work to and to adhere to these responsibilities to ensure a smooth and ethical publication process.

Archiving Policy

Digital Archiving: AJBE may adopt a policy to digitally archive all published articles to ensure long-term preservation and accessibility. This could involve storing articles in a digital repository or archiving platform that provides reliable and secure preservation of digital content.

Open Access Archiving: AJBE may choose to make its archived articles freely accessible to the public, following an open access policy. This could involve depositing articles in open access repositories or archives to promote widespread dissemination and use of research findings.

Version Archiving: AJBE may specify which versions of articles will be archived. This could include the final published version, the accepted manuscript version, or both. Archiving multiple versions of articles can provide a historical record of the research and allow for comparisons and analyses of changes over time.

Metadata Archiving: AJBE may ensure that comprehensive metadata, including article metadata such as title, authors, abstract, keywords, publication date, and other relevant information, are preserved and associated with the archived articles. This can facilitate discovery and retrieval of articles in the future.

Preservation Format: AJBE may specify the format in which articles will be archived to ensure long-term preservation. This could include file formats that are widely accepted, non-proprietary, and have robust preservation standards, such as PDF/A (PDF for archival) or XML (eXtensible Markup Language).

Archiving Partnerships: AJBE may establish partnerships with reputable archival organizations, libraries, or digital repositories to ensure the proper implementation and management of the archiving policy. This can ensure the integrity, authenticity, and longevity of the archived content.

Access Rights: AJBE may define the access rights and permissions for the archived articles, including who can access the articles, under what conditions, and for what purposes. This can include options for embargo periods, where articles are initially archived but not immediately accessible to the public.

Update and Review: AJBE may periodically review and update its archiving policy to ensure it aligns with best practices and technological advancements in the field of digital preservation. This can ensure that the archived articles remain accessible and usable in the future.

It's important to note that the specific archiving policy for a journal like AJBE would be determined by the journal's editorial board, publisher, and other relevant stakeholders, and may vary depending on the journal's scope, field, and other factors.

OPEN Access

The journal's articles are openly accessible online upon publication, without requiring a subscription fee, as they follow an open access publishing model. Depending on the specific licensing agreement, readers are afforded the opportunity to engage in various forms of reuse, reprinting, and distribution of the material. For further details regarding our open access policy and the allowable undertakings under our open access license, kindly follow the provided link.

Copyright & Permissions

Copyright Ownership: AJBE may specify the ownership of copyright for published articles. This could involve retaining copyright by the authors, transferring copyright to the journal or publisher, or adopting a shared copyright model where both parties have certain rights.

Licensing and Usage: AJBE may define the type of license under which articles are published, specifying how articles can be used, reproduced, distributed, displayed, or modified. Common licenses used in scholarly publishing include Creative Commons licenses, which provide varying levels of permissions and restrictions.

Permissions for Reuse: AJBE may outline the process and requirements for obtaining permissions for reusing copyrighted materials, such as figures, tables, images, or text from published articles. This could include obtaining written consent from the original authors, proper attribution, and compliance with relevant copyright laws and regulations.

Author Responsibilities: AJBE may require authors to ensure that their submissions do not infringe on any third-party copyrights and obtain necessary permissions for using copyrighted materials. Authors may also be responsible for providing accurate and complete attributions for any content used in their articles.

Journal Responsibilities: AJBE may outline the responsibilities of the journal or publisher in managing copyright and permissions. This could include obtaining necessary permissions for any copyrighted materials used in the journal, ensuring compliance with copyright laws, and providing clear guidelines to authors and readers on copyright and permissions.

Digital Rights Management: AJBE may specify the measures taken to protect digital content from unauthorized copying, distribution, or use. This could involve the use of digital rights management (DRM) technologies, watermarking, or other security measures to protect the integrity and ownership of the published articles.

Enforcement of Copyright and Permissions: AJBE may outline the actions that will be taken in case of copyright infringement or unauthorized use of published articles. This could include taking legal actions, issuing takedown notices, or implementing other measures to protect the rights of the journal, authors, and other stakeholders.

 

Author Rights: AJBE may acknowledge and protect certain rights of authors, such as the right to self-archive, share, or reuse their own articles for educational or research purposes. This could be outlined in the copyright and permission policy to support authors' rights and promote open access and scholarly communication.

It's important to note that the specific copyright and permission policy for a journal like AJBE would be determined by the journal's editorial board, publisher, and other relevant stakeholders, and may vary depending on the journal's scope, field, and other factors. It's recommended to review the journal's official website or publication guidelines for the most up-to-date and accurate information on their copyright and permission policy.

The policy regarding publishing fees.

To preserve the academic autonomy of the AJBE, the editorial board has set a NO-FEE policy for the submission and publication of articles, including Article Processing Charges (APCs). The editorial board of the journal is comprised of academic staff from esteemed institutions who manage the publication independently and on a voluntary basis.

Article processing charges (For Authors) : Free